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Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, what is ed we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, God forbid, we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, healing we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, symptoms God forbid, we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and thelandofIsrael.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.



[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, drug we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, God forbid, we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and thelandofIsrael.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, information pills we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, God forbid, we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and thelandofIsrael.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.



[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, discount we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, God forbid, we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and thelandofIsrael.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.



[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, cialis Parashat Nitzavim, generic Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, cialis Parashat Nitzavim, generic Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, buy viagra these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah,[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, cialis Parashat Nitzavim, generic Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, buy viagra these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah,[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, rx these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah, look
[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, remedy describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, cialis Parashat Nitzavim, generic Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, buy viagra these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah,[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, rx these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah, look
[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, remedy describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, shop these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah, buy cialis [2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, viagra sale describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Walking in God’s ways

In Parashat Ki Tavo, buy more about we read the blessings that the Jewish people merit when we follow God’s commandments and the curses that, treat God forbid, store we incur if we do not. One of the high points of the blessings is in the verses, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him as He swore to you if you keep the commandments of Havayah, your God and you shall walk in His ways. And all the nations of the world will see that God’s Name is called upon you and they will fear you.”

In addition to the blessing of becoming God’s holy nation, these verses also contain the commandment to, “walk in God’s ways.” The Alter Rebbe teaches,

It is a positive commandment from the Torah to walk in God’s ways, as it says, “You shall walk in His ways.” … Just as He is called gracious, so you shall be gracious and give freely; just as He is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate; just as He is called long-suffering, so you shall be long-suffering. Likewise, with respect to all other human attributes, one must resemble his Creator and spurn the evil attributes and choose the good.”[1]

Maimonides mentions another attribute, “Just as He is holy, so you shall be holy.”[2] This attribute is rooted in the above-mentioned verse, “God will elevate you to be a holy people to Him,” which ends with the promise that this will come by merit of our walking in His ways.” Thus, being holy reflects both the state of our service and also God’s promise to us.

An upright stance

The concept of holiness is central in the Torah, but here it appears in what is a unique context. First, we need to take note of the verb, “God will elevate you” (????????? ???'), which is reminiscent of the phrase at the end of the blessings in Parashat Bechukotai: “And I will lead you erect,” (????????? ??????? ????????????). Here too we can interpret the blessing to mean that one of the qualities of a holy people is to take a stately and upright stance which itself instills fear in our enemies, making them afraid to harm us.

Our sins are insulting to God

However, we need to understand what it means to be “holy with an upright stance.” A stately, upright stance seems to imply pride and thus appears to contradict the attribute of humility, obviously one of the positive attributes that we must aspire to in order to fulfill the commandment of “you shall walk in His ways.” In fact, Maimonides states that one must aspire to reach extreme humility.

In his work “Tomer Devorah,” Rabbi Moses Cordovero (the Ramak) describes how one should go about resembling God’s thirteen attributes (enumerated in Micah 7). The first attribute he mentions is, “The fact that the Almighty is an insulted King, who suffers insults.” People use the vitality God grants them to rebel against His will, yet despite this immense insult, God continues to vitalize them even as they are sinning. This, states the Ramak, is the extent to which we too should humbly bear insults.

So, on the one hand, we need to adopt a stately stance that transmits fear to our enemies, but on the other, it is a positive attribute to be humble and lowly, long-suffering and submissive to the furthest extreme.

Essential majesty

The integration of stateliness with humility is most fully expressed at the communal level. Our upright stance is not meant to express the individual pride that each of us may harbor about him or herself. The blessing is that the Jewish people as one unit should stand erect, without feeling ashamed to act as Jews to whom God gave the Torah and the land of Israel.

On a more profound level, the word “holy” implies “separation.” A holy entity is one that is totally separate from mundane reality. Holiness has the quality of “essential majesty” (?????? ?????), as taught in Chassidut. Anything that is referred to as “holy” (????), e.g. “A holy nation,” is majestic by definition. The realization of that majesty is in our upright stance, and that is the revelation of God’s Name upon us.

Only those who have “essential majesty” can bear insults to the greatest extent, because they have no need for any external confirmation. By being rectified and holy, the governing regime does not feel a need to trample on others in order to sense its majesty; in fact it does not even have any need to elevate itself at all, since it is majestic in and of itself. Only an unholy and unrectified ruler, such as the seven kings of the World of Chaos, feels a need to elevate himself at someone else’s expense. Such a ruler cannot bear anyone else rearing their heads and senses that everyone is a threat to his sovereignty.

The Almighty is “Elevated and Holy” and He in particular can reside with “the downtrodden and low-spirited.” He is the most patient and tolerant. As the sages say, “Wherever you find the Almighty’s greatness, there you will find His humility.” Similarly, when the Jewish people are granted control they continue to cling to God’s attributes, walking in His ways, and their essential majesty is never diminished even as they remain “compassionate, shy and acting with loving-kindness.”

Standing in awe

Now we can begin to understand the sense of awe that we should experience when standing before a king. When we say in our prayers during the Ten Days of Repentance, “The Holy King” (???? ?????), we stand in awe, but this is the amazed awe of God’s essential majesty, not the fear we might experience when approached by someone who threatens to trample us. Just as we recognize God’s essential majesty, so the nations of the world will experience the essential majesty of the Jewish people, fulfilling the promise of the verse, “and they [the nations] shall fear you.” Obviously enemies of the Jewish people who wish us harm should be stricken with fear for their lives, but the essential sense of awe that is realized in the righteous nations comes from contemplating the walking wonder of the people of Israel, who on the one hand are “insulted but do not insult,” yet on the other hand, they contain a spark of essential majesty from the Almighty, the King of all Kings.

[1] Shulchan Aruch Harav, Orach Chayim 156.

[2] Hilchot De’ot, ch. 1.

In this week’s parashah, and Parashat Nitzavim, order Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, healing beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, medical cialis Parashat Nitzavim, Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

In this week’s parashah, cialis Parashat Nitzavim, generic Moses gathers the entire Jewish people before God and formulates a covenant between them, beginning with the words, “You are all standing here today….” The Zohar reveals that the word “today” (????) alludes to Rosh Hashanah, especially in the final Torah portions of Deuteronomy. So, even though this covenant was made on the day of Moses’ passing, the 7th of Adar, in effect we renew it every year on Rosh Hashanah.

Obviously, Rosh Hashanah—literally, the “Head of the Year”—has an explicit connection with time, which is divided into past, present and future.

A well known aphorism states that, “The past is no longer, the future is yet to be, and the present, is like the blink of an eye,” and the sages state that, “God’s salvation comes in the blink of an eye.” In order for us to experience God’s salvation, to merit “Mashiach now!” we must strengthen our connection with the fleeting moment of the present.

In Hebrew, the present is also known as “intermediate time” (??? ??????). In the Tanya, the basic tome of Chabad philosophy, the Alter Rebbe stresses that we should strive to be an “intermediate” (??????), implicitly directing us to focus our consciousness on the present moment. A righteous individual lives in the future, constantly experiencing the World to Come; the wicked individual (??????), is held back by undesirable deeds (?????) from his past (???); but the intermediate, who lives in the present, is free of his past transgressions and experiences God’s imminent salvation at every moment; he is truly liberated.

We are taught in Chassidut that any consummate reality is inter-inclusive; every one of its elements reflects the others. Accordingly, although “today” refers to the present moment, nonetheless, it also includes within it a reflection of both the past and the future. This inter-inclusion of the past, present, and future within the present is apparent in the first six verses of Parashat Nitzavim, in which the word “today” (????), representing the present, appears five times.

The past within the present is alluded to in the first two verses, which begin: “You are all standing here today before Havayah, your God.” In contradistinction to the inclusiveness and unity suggested in these opening words, the remainder of the verse and the following verse enumerate ten different levels of Jews. The contrast between the unity of the people as a whole as we stand before the Almighty and the various levels of individuals within the whole teaches us that any status we may have acquired becomes a thing of the past as we stand together before the Almighty, renewing our covenant with Him on Rosh Hashanah.

The next two verses refer to the present within the present, “That you may enter the covenant of Havayah your God, and His oath, which Havayah your God is making with you this day; in order to establish you today as His people and that He will be your God, as He spoke to you and as He swore to your forefathers to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” The present moment is about action, as the Lubavitcher Rebbe stressed time and again. These two verses describe the act we perform on Rosh Hashanah: renewing the covenant that God made with us and reestablishing our status as God’s people.

The final two verses are a unique Biblical example of including the future within the present, as they describe how all future generations of the Jewish people participate in the present moment. “And not with you alone am I making this covenant… but with those who stand here with us today… and with those who are not here with us today.”

Thus, on Rosh Hashanah, past, present and future fuse into one awe-inspiring moment as we renew our covenant with the Almighty, “To establish you today for Him as a people and He will be your God.”

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, buy viagra these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah,[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, rx these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah, look
[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, remedy describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, shop these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah, buy cialis [2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, viagra sale describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

Parashat Nitzavim begins with two verses enumerating the ten levels of Jewish souls that comprise the entire Jewish people. From the most important tribal leaders to the simplest water carriers, doctor these ten levels correspond to the ten sefirot. Five levels are mentioned in the first verse and five in the second.[1] Sefer Yetzirah,[2] the earliest Kabbalistic text, describes the sefirot as “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????), like the ten fingers of our two hands, or the Ten Commandments on the two tablets of stone.  Of particular interest to us as Rosh Hashanah 5773 approaches is that the numerical value of the phrase “five facing five” (?????? ???????? ??????) is 773 (????).

The final level, the water carriers, corresponds to the sefirah of kingdom whose inner motivation is lowliness. Individuals who truly sense their lowliness have the greatest potential for revealing an innately royal essence and assuming positions of true leadership. This is why the Ba’al Shem Tov, founder of the Chassidic movement, particularly loved the simplest Jews and taught that redemption will come in their merit.

Our parashah’s name, which literally means “standing” (?????????), precedes the enumeration of the ten levels. It too relates to the sefirah of kingdom because a king “stands” (??????).[3] Thus, as we stand before God, all Jews are kings,[4] or sons of kings.[5] In fact, the initial and end letters of the root “to stand” (???) form the word “son” (????) and the middle letter (?) equals 90, the numerical value of “king” (??????).

The essence of Rosh Hashanah is reaccepting God’s reign over us. Normally, people imagine that kings rule by force. But, a righteous Jewish king must receive his mandate from the people. The Torah requires the people to be willing to nullify themselves before the prospective king, willingly accepting his sovereignty without any coercion on the king’s part, all in order to arouse the king’s essential majesty. Similarly, Chassidut teaches us that the secret of blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah is to arouse God’s essential majesty, thus reviving His will to be King over us.

Reawakening God’s desire to rule, as it were, is the Jewish people’s unique task, given us because every Jewish soul is a part of God Above. The point of contact between the Jewish soul and the Almighty is one of innate nullification. Once we reach this inner point in ourselves, we no longer require any conscious act of submission in order to surrender to God’s rule. By revealing this point within our souls, the Almighty’s essential majesty is aroused.

Similarly, the true Jewish king is aware of his existential lowliness, yet simultaneously reflects God’s essential majesty. This inherent dichotomy is expressed in King David’s statement, “I am a worm and not a man”[6] (????????? ????????? ????? ?????). The word “I am” (???????), when expressed by someone who has not rectified his self, is the epitome of egotism, yet in this statement, King David uses it to totally dehumanize himself in absolute selflessness. However contradictory it may seem, the true point of majesty that is inherent in every Jew cannot be reflected unless we reach the innate point of nullification in our souls.

Our service on Rosh Hashanah in hearing the call of the shofar is to connect to the innate point of nullification where our soul is totally annulled to God’s sovereignty and by doing so, to arouse His essential majesty to rule over us through Mashiach, His appointed king.



[1]. See Zohar Shemot 82a.

[2] Sefer Yetzirah 1:3.

[3] See 1 Kings 22:48.

[4] Zohar Chadash, Chukat.

[5] Mishnah Shabbat 14:4.

[6] Psalms 22:7.

On Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New Year, we traditionally eat foods whose names carry a positive symbolic connotation. Just as we taste foods as positive symbols at the festive table on Rosh Hashanah, so we can find good signs in the year’s number too. As Rosh Hashanah 5773 (?' ???"?) approaches, let’s take a look at the good signs that this year’s number reveals to us.

Firstly, 773 (???"?) is the numerical value of the phrase, “Open my eyes and I will see wonders [of Your Torah]” (???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? [????????????]). Moreover, the initial letters of just the first two words in this phrase, “Open my eyes,” (???? ??????) equal 73, thus the sign of the initial letters of the new year 5773 can be interpreted as “May it be a year of Gal Einai” (?????? ?????? ???? ??????). We join in King David’s prayer that God will open our eyes to see wonders, both the wonders of the Torah by revealing its most profound secrets, and miraculous wonders with every step that we take by power of the Torah.

The plural “wonders” refers to two types of wonder within God’s wisdom imbued in the Torah. The first is that the Almighty’s own supernal pleasure manifests as the Torah’s wisdom. Pleasure is the most ethereal super-conscious sense of the soul, yet it hiddenly motivates all the soul’s conscious powers. The Creator’s pleasure, as it were, is the motivating force behind creation and God’s guidance of reality. The wonder is that this pleasure itself becomes the Torah’s wisdom and can actually be comprehended in our human minds allowing us in turn to take delight in God.

The second type of wonder is that the Torah’s wisdom descends further and serves to unite between different extremes. We hope and pray that this year we will see true untiy unity amongst Jews, of all hues and opinions.

Another phrase that equals 773 (???"?) is, “My heart tingles with something good” (?????? ?????? ?????? ????). While the verse, “Open my eyes” focuses on eyes and wisdom, this phrase focuses on the heart, tingling with  something good that is about to issue forth from the heart. This phrase calls upon us to initiate a movement in the innermost depths of our heart, bringing with it a profound demand to seek God’s revelation as in the verse, “For Your sake [God] my heart says: ‘Seek My countenance’; Your countenance, God, I shall seek.”

What is the good thing stirring in our heart? The verse continues, “I say: ‘My deeds are for the king, my tongue is a quick writer’s pen.’” All that I do is for the sake of the king, for the sake of Malchut Yisrael (thekingdom ofIsrael), which reveals God’s sovereignty over the world.

This verse is particularly connected with Rosh Hashanah, the day on which we coronate God as King over us, the day on which good thoughts, good words begin to stir, to move, and to flourish within us. Every Rosh Hashanah, a new light descends into the world that has never been experienced before; it is like the birth of a new soul. This is why Rosh Hashanah is a opportune time for the barren to conceive, as the sages teach us that “On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah , Rachel and Chanah conceived.” Indeed, the initials of these three names (????? ?????? ??????) spell the word “tingles”  (??????).

The most important birth that we anticipate is the birth of Mashiach. He is the subject of “My deeds are for the king,” he is the one to whom this entire psalm is dedicated. Mashiach is the “something good” that will happen to the Jewish people and to the entire world. Furthermore, the word “something” (??????) in the sages’ terminology, also alludes to a leader, as in the idiom, “A generation has [but] one leader” (??????? ????? ??????).

The gematria of ”something good” (?????? ????) is equal to that of the phrase, “this is the thing” (??? ????????) the introductory words to Moshe Rabbeinu’s prophecy, indicating a clarity and precision in hearing God’s words not merited by any other prophet. The coming of Mashiach unveils the very same level of Divine certitude that can erase all the doubts and delusions plaguing our faith.

Together with our prayers for the revelation of the Torah’s wonders and the miracles in reality they will bring, let us decide to act diligently and conscientiously on behalf of Malchut Yisra’el (the kingdom of Israel) and for true unity amongst Jews that will, God willing, bring about the revelation of Mashiach, speedily and in our days.

With blessings for a good and sweet year and for a ketivah vechatimah tovah (a good inscription and seal) for the entire Jewish people,

Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh

On Rosh Hashanah, cost the Jewish New Year, approved we traditionally eat foods whose names carry a positive symbolic connotation. Just as we taste foods as positive symbols at the festive table on Rosh Hashanah, so we can find good signs in the year’s number too. As Rosh Hashanah 5773 (?' ???"?) approaches, let’s take a look at the good signs that this year’s number reveals to us.

Firstly, 773 (???"?) is the numerical value of the phrase, “Open my eyes and I will see wonders [of Your Torah]” (???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? [????????????]). Moreover, the initial letters of just the first two words in this phrase, “Open my eyes,” (???? ??????) equal 73, thus the sign of the initial letters of the new year 5773 can be interpreted as “May it be a year of Gal Einai” (?????? ?????? ???? ??????). We join in King David’s prayer that God will open our eyes to see wonders, both the wonders of the Torah by revealing its most profound secrets, and miraculous wonders with every step that we take by power of the Torah.

The plural “wonders” refers to two types of wonder within God’s wisdom imbued in the Torah. The first is that the Almighty’s own supernal pleasure manifests as the Torah’s wisdom. Pleasure is the most ethereal super-conscious sense of the soul, yet it hiddenly motivates all the soul’s conscious powers. The Creator’s pleasure, as it were, is the motivating force behind creation and God’s guidance of reality. The wonder is that this pleasure itself becomes the Torah’s wisdom and can actually be comprehended in our human minds allowing us in turn to take delight in God.

The second type of wonder is that the Torah’s wisdom descends further and serves to unite between different extremes. We hope and pray that this year we will see true untiy unity amongst Jews, of all hues and opinions.

Another phrase that equals 773 (???"?) is, “My heart tingles with something good” (?????? ?????? ?????? ????). While the verse, “Open my eyes” focuses on eyes and wisdom, this phrase focuses on the heart, tingling with  something good that is about to issue forth from the heart. This phrase calls upon us to initiate a movement in the innermost depths of our heart, bringing with it a profound demand to seek God’s revelation as in the verse, “For Your sake [God] my heart says: ‘Seek My countenance’; Your countenance, God, I shall seek.”

What is the good thing stirring in our heart? The verse continues, “I say: ‘My deeds are for the king, my tongue is a quick writer’s pen.’” All that I do is for the sake of the king, for the sake of Malchut Yisrael (thekingdom ofIsrael), which reveals God’s sovereignty over the world.

This verse is particularly connected with Rosh Hashanah, the day on which we coronate God as King over us, the day on which good thoughts, good words begin to stir, to move, and to flourish within us. Every Rosh Hashanah, a new light descends into the world that has never been experienced before; it is like the birth of a new soul. This is why Rosh Hashanah is a opportune time for the barren to conceive, as the sages teach us that “On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah , Rachel and Chanah conceived.” Indeed, the initials of these three names (????? ?????? ??????) spell the word “tingles”  (??????).

The most important birth that we anticipate is the birth of Mashiach. He is the subject of “My deeds are for the king,” he is the one to whom this entire psalm is dedicated. Mashiach is the “something good” that will happen to the Jewish people and to the entire world. Furthermore, the word “something” (??????) in the sages’ terminology, also alludes to a leader, as in the idiom, “A generation has [but] one leader” (??????? ????? ??????).

The gematria of ”something good” (?????? ????) is equal to that of the phrase, “this is the thing” (??? ????????) the introductory words to Moshe Rabbeinu’s prophecy, indicating a clarity and precision in hearing God’s words not merited by any other prophet. The coming of Mashiach unveils the very same level of Divine certitude that can erase all the doubts and delusions plaguing our faith.

Together with our prayers for the revelation of the Torah’s wonders and the miracles in reality they will bring, let us decide to act diligently and conscientiously on behalf of Malchut Yisra’el (the kingdom of Israel) and for true unity amongst Jews that will, God willing, bring about the revelation of Mashiach, speedily and in our days.

With blessings for a good and sweet year and for a ketivah vechatimah tovah (a good inscription and seal) for the entire Jewish people,

Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh

On Rosh Hashanah, and the Jewish New Year, erectile we traditionally eat foods whose names carry a positive symbolic connotation. Just as we taste foods as positive symbols at the festive table on Rosh Hashanah, more about so we can find good signs in the year’s number too. As Rosh Hashanah 5773 (?' ???"?) approaches, let’s take a look at the good signs that this year’s number reveals to us.

Firstly, 773 (???"?) is the numerical value of the phrase, “Open my eyes and I will see wonders [of Your Torah]” (???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? [????????????]). Moreover, the initial letters of just the first two words in this phrase, “Open my eyes,” (???? ??????) equal 73, thus the sign of the initial letters of the new year 5773 can be interpreted as “May it be a year of Gal Einai” (?????? ?????? ???? ??????). We join in King David’s prayer that God will open our eyes to see wonders, both the wonders of the Torah by revealing its most profound secrets, and miraculous wonders with every step that we take by power of the Torah.

The plural “wonders” refers to two types of wonder within God’s wisdom imbued in the Torah. The first is that the Almighty’s own supernal pleasure manifests as the Torah’s wisdom. Pleasure is the most ethereal super-conscious sense of the soul, yet it hiddenly motivates all the soul’s conscious powers. The Creator’s pleasure, as it were, is the motivating force behind creation and God’s guidance of reality. The wonder is that this pleasure itself becomes the Torah’s wisdom and can actually be comprehended in our human minds allowing us in turn to take delight in God.

The second type of wonder is that the Torah’s wisdom descends further and serves to unite between different extremes. We hope and pray that this year we will see true untiy unity amongst Jews, of all hues and opinions.

Another phrase that equals 773 (???"?) is, “My heart tingles with something good” (?????? ?????? ?????? ????). While the verse, “Open my eyes” focuses on eyes and wisdom, this phrase focuses on the heart, tingling with  something good that is about to issue forth from the heart. This phrase calls upon us to initiate a movement in the innermost depths of our heart, bringing with it a profound demand to seek God’s revelation as in the verse, “For Your sake [God] my heart says: ‘Seek My countenance’; Your countenance, God, I shall seek.”

What is the good thing stirring in our heart? The verse continues, “I say: ‘My deeds are for the king, my tongue is a quick writer’s pen.’” All that I do is for the sake of the king, for the sake of Malchut Yisrael (thekingdom ofIsrael), which reveals God’s sovereignty over the world.

This verse is particularly connected with Rosh Hashanah, the day on which we coronate God as King over us, the day on which good thoughts, good words begin to stir, to move, and to flourish within us. Every Rosh Hashanah, a new light descends into the world that has never been experienced before; it is like the birth of a new soul. This is why Rosh Hashanah is a opportune time for the barren to conceive, as the sages teach us that “On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah , Rachel and Chanah conceived.” Indeed, the initials of these three names (????? ?????? ??????) spell the word “tingles”  (??????).

The most important birth that we anticipate is the birth of Mashiach. He is the subject of “My deeds are for the king,” he is the one to whom this entire psalm is dedicated. Mashiach is the “something good” that will happen to the Jewish people and to the entire world. Furthermore, the word “something” (??????) in the sages’ terminology, also alludes to a leader, as in the idiom, “A generation has [but] one leader” (??????? ????? ??????).

The gematria of ”something good” (?????? ????) is equal to that of the phrase, “this is the thing” (??? ????????) the introductory words to Moshe Rabbeinu’s prophecy, indicating a clarity and precision in hearing God’s words not merited by any other prophet. The coming of Mashiach unveils the very same level of Divine certitude that can erase all the doubts and delusions plaguing our faith.

Together with our prayers for the revelation of the Torah’s wonders and the miracles in reality they will bring, let us decide to act diligently and conscientiously on behalf of Malchut Yisra’el (the kingdom of Israel) and for true unity amongst Jews that will, God willing, bring about the revelation of Mashiach, speedily and in our days.

With blessings for a good and sweet year and for a ketivah vechatimah tovah (a good inscription and seal) for the entire Jewish people,

Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh

On Rosh Hashanah, ambulance the Jewish New Year, we traditionally eat foods whose names carry a positive symbolic connotation. Just as we taste foods as positive symbols at the festive table on Rosh Hashanah, so we can find good signs in the year’s number too. As Rosh Hashanah 5773 (?' ???"?) approaches, let’s take a look at the good signs that this year’s number reveals to us.

Firstly, 773 (???"?) is the numerical value of the phrase, “Open my eyes and I will see wonders [of Your Torah]” (???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? [????????????]). Moreover, the initial letters of just the first two words in this phrase, “Open my eyes,” (???? ??????) equal 73, thus the sign of the initial letters of the new year 5773 can be interpreted as “May it be a year of Gal Einai” (?????? ?????? ???? ??????). We join in King David’s prayer that God will open our eyes to see wonders, both the wonders of the Torah by revealing its most profound secrets, and miraculous wonders with every step that we take by power of the Torah.

The plural “wonders” refers to two types of wonder within God’s wisdom imbued in the Torah. The first is that the Almighty’s own supernal pleasure manifests as the Torah’s wisdom. Pleasure is the most ethereal super-conscious sense of the soul, yet it hiddenly motivates all the soul’s conscious powers. The Creator’s pleasure, as it were, is the motivating force behind creation and God’s guidance of reality. The wonder is that this pleasure itself becomes the Torah’s wisdom and can actually be comprehended in our human minds allowing us in turn to take delight in God.

The second type of wonder is that the Torah’s wisdom descends further and serves to unite between different extremes. We hope and pray that this year we will see true untiy unity amongst Jews, of all hues and opinions.

Another phrase that equals 773 (???"?) is, “My heart tingles with something good” (?????? ?????? ?????? ????). While the verse, “Open my eyes” focuses on eyes and wisdom, this phrase focuses on the heart, tingling with  something good that is about to issue forth from the heart. This phrase calls upon us to initiate a movement in the innermost depths of our heart, bringing with it a profound demand to seek God’s revelation as in the verse, “For Your sake [God] my heart says: ‘Seek My countenance’; Your countenance, God, I shall seek.”

What is the good thing stirring in our heart? The verse continues, “I say: ‘My deeds are for the king, my tongue is a quick writer’s pen.’” All that I do is for the sake of the king, for the sake of Malchut Yisrael (thekingdom ofIsrael), which reveals God’s sovereignty over the world.

This verse is particularly connected with Rosh Hashanah, the day on which we coronate God as King over us, the day on which good thoughts, good words begin to stir, to move, and to flourish within us. Every Rosh Hashanah, a new light descends into the world that has never been experienced before; it is like the birth of a new soul. This is why Rosh Hashanah is a opportune time for the barren to conceive, as the sages teach us that “On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah , Rachel and Chanah conceived.” Indeed, the initials of these three names (????? ?????? ??????) spell the word “tingles”  (??????).

The most important birth that we anticipate is the birth of Mashiach. He is the subject of “My deeds are for the king,” he is the one to whom this entire psalm is dedicated. Mashiach is the “something good” that will happen to the Jewish people and to the entire world. Furthermore, the word “something” (??????) in the sages’ terminology, also alludes to a leader, as in the idiom, “A generation has [but] one leader” (??????? ????? ??????).

The gematria of ”something good” (?????? ????) is equal to that of the phrase, “this is the thing” (??? ????????) the introductory words to Moshe Rabbeinu’s prophecy, indicating a clarity and precision in hearing God’s words not merited by any other prophet. The coming of Mashiach unveils the very same level of Divine certitude that can erase all the doubts and delusions plaguing our faith.

Together with our prayers for the revelation of the Torah’s wonders and the miracles in reality they will bring, let us decide to act diligently and conscientiously on behalf of Malchut Yisra’el (the kingdom of Israel) and for true unity amongst Jews that will, God willing, bring about the revelation of Mashiach, speedily and in our days.

With blessings for a good and sweet year and for a ketivah vechatimah tovah (a good inscription and seal) for the entire Jewish people,

Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh

On Rosh Hashanah, ambulance the Jewish New Year, we traditionally eat foods whose names carry a positive symbolic connotation. Just as we taste foods as positive symbols at the festive table on Rosh Hashanah, so we can find good signs in the year’s number too. As Rosh Hashanah 5773 (?' ???"?) approaches, let’s take a look at the good signs that this year’s number reveals to us.

Firstly, 773 (???"?) is the numerical value of the phrase, “Open my eyes and I will see wonders [of Your Torah]” (???? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? [????????????]). Moreover, the initial letters of just the first two words in this phrase, “Open my eyes,” (???? ??????) equal 73, thus the sign of the initial letters of the new year 5773 can be interpreted as “May it be a year of Gal Einai” (?????? ?????? ???? ??????). We join in King David’s prayer that God will open our eyes to see wonders, both the wonders of the Torah by revealing its most profound secrets, and miraculous wonders with every step that we take by power of the Torah.

The plural “wonders” refers to two types of wonder within God’s wisdom imbued in the Torah. The first is that the Almighty’s own supernal pleasure manifests as the Torah’s wisdom. Pleasure is the most ethereal super-conscious sense of the soul, yet it hiddenly motivates all the soul’s conscious powers. The Creator’s pleasure, as it were, is the motivating force behind creation and God’s guidance of reality. The wonder is that this pleasure itself becomes the Torah’s wisdom and can actually be comprehended in our human minds allowing us in turn to take delight in God.

The second type of wonder is that the Torah’s wisdom descends further and serves to unite between different extremes. We hope and pray that this year we will see true untiy unity amongst Jews, of all hues and opinions.

Another phrase that equals 773 (???"?) is, “My heart tingles with something good” (?????? ?????? ?????? ????). While the verse, “Open my eyes” focuses on eyes and wisdom, this phrase focuses on the heart, tingling with  something good that is about to issue forth from the heart. This phrase calls upon us to initiate a movement in the innermost depths of our heart, bringing with it a profound demand to seek God’s revelation as in the verse, “For Your sake [God] my heart says: ‘Seek My countenance’; Your countenance, God, I shall seek.”

What is the good thing stirring in our heart? The verse continues, “I say: ‘My deeds are for the king, my tongue is a quick writer’s pen.’” All that I do is for the sake of the king, for the sake of Malchut Yisrael (thekingdom ofIsrael), which reveals God’s sovereignty over the world.

This verse is particularly connected with Rosh Hashanah, the day on which we coronate God as King over us, the day on which good thoughts, good words begin to stir, to move, and to flourish within us. Every Rosh Hashanah, a new light descends into the world that has never been experienced before; it is like the birth of a new soul. This is why Rosh Hashanah is a opportune time for the barren to conceive, as the sages teach us that “On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah , Rachel and Chanah conceived.” Indeed, the initials of these three names (????? ?????? ??????) spell the word “tingles”  (??????).

The most important birth that we anticipate is the birth of Mashiach. He is the subject of “My deeds are for the king,” he is the one to whom this entire psalm is dedicated. Mashiach is the “something good” that will happen to the Jewish people and to the entire world. Furthermore, the word “something” (??????) in the sages’ terminology, also alludes to a leader, as in the idiom, “A generation has [but] one leader” (??????? ????? ??????).

The gematria of ”something good” (?????? ????) is equal to that of the phrase, “this is the thing” (??? ????????) the introductory words to Moshe Rabbeinu’s prophecy, indicating a clarity and precision in hearing God’s words not merited by any other prophet. The coming of Mashiach unveils the very same level of Divine certitude that can erase all the doubts and delusions plaguing our faith.

Together with our prayers for the revelation of the Torah’s wonders and the miracles in reality they will bring, let us decide to act diligently and conscientiously on behalf of Malchut Yisra’el (the kingdom of Israel) and for true unity amongst Jews that will, God willing, bring about the revelation of Mashiach, speedily and in our days.

With blessings for a good and sweet year and for a ketivah vechatimah tovah (a good inscription and seal) for the entire Jewish people,

Harav Yitzchak Ginsburgh

This week’s parashah, seek Vayelech, clinic contains the Torah’s 613th and final mitzvah (commandment), cialis to write a Sefer Torah (Torah scroll), just as Moshe Rabbeinu did. Parashat Vayelech also contains the Torah’s 612th mitzvah, to gather the entire Jewish people, men, women, and children once every seven years, to hear the king read from the Torah, in what is known as Hakhel. The 611th mitzvah that we read about in Parashat Ki Tavo, is to walk in God’s ways.

The ordinal numbers of the three final mitzvot stand out in their significance. 613 is the gematria of “Moshe Rabbeinu” (??? ?????), 612 is the gematria of “covenant” (????), and 611 is the gematria of “Torah” (????), Obviously, these three concepts, Moshe Rabbeinu, covenant, and Torah are some of the most central in Judaism and therefore warrant focusing on how each concept relates to its corresponding mitzvah (commandment).

From the individual to the entire nation

The 611th mitzvah demands that we refine our character traits as individuals by walking in God’s ways. As the sages explain, “Just as the Almighty is called compassionate, so you shall be compassionate.” This is the most significant principle in serving God, one that a Jew should constantly be aware of every day of his or her life. It is truly fitting that 611 is equal to the word “Torah” (????) reflecting this commandment’s all-inclusive nature.

Whereas the 611th mitzvah addresses us as individuals, the 612th, Hakhel obligates us as a people. Once every seven years, the entire Jewish people gather in the Temple courtyard in the most comprehensive assembly, “men, women and children and the convert in your gates,” and the king reads from the Torah before them. In effect, this mass congregation acts as a renewal of the covenant formed between the entire nation and God through the giving of the Torah at Mt. Sinai, reflected by the fact that 612 is the gematria of the word “covenant” (????).

The progression from the 611th mitzvah to the 612th, from addressing individual refinement to renewing our covenant with God as a community, as a people, is a necessary one. It teaches us that in order to stand together, we must first adopt God’s compassionate character when dealing with one another. If as individuals we still suffer from a self-centered attitude, we will not be able to stand together in unity during Hakhel. The foundation of the congregation of Israel is mutual responsibility, genuine care and interest in our fellow Jews, which serves as the glue bonding us in our covenant with one another, with our king, and finally with the Almighty.

Every Jew is like Moshe Rabbeinu

The verse in which the 613th mitzvah appears actually describes how Moshe Rabbeinu wrote a Torah scroll before passing on. From it, the sages learn that every Jewish individual is obligated to write his own Torah scroll, revealing that every Jew is like Moshe Rabbeinu. The sages go so far as to say that anyone who writes a Torah scroll, “it is as if he received it atMt.Sinai.”

Since the first Torah scroll was written entirely by Moshe Rabbeinu it is most appropriate that the commandment to write a Torah scroll should be the 613th commandment—the seal of all the Torah’s 613 commandments—and that 613 is the gematria of Moshe Rabbeinu (??? ?????). By performing this mitzvah individually, we reveal the Moshe Rabbeinu in each of us.

In summary, the individual mitzvah of walking in God’s ways is an introduction to the mitzvah of Hakhel, assembling “as one man with one heart” in a reenaction of receiving the Torah at Mt. Sinai. Similarly, the mitzvah of writing a Torah scroll is like each one of us receiving the entire Torah at Mt. Sinai, like Moshe Rabbeinu.

based on Harav Ginsburgh’s class of 18thTevet 5769

One Response to “The Torah’s final three commandments”

  1. This teaching gave much insight. Thank you Rabbi Ginsburgh. It brings joy to my heart.